Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world with a population in excess of 200 million and so it is vital you understand the geological layout of the country, the three respective time zones and the areas you intend to visit to ensure your time there is productive.
The 26 states and the Federal District are divided into five regions; North, Northeast, Southeast, South and Center-West with the Southeast being the business hub of Brazil due to the megacities Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro residing there. In fact Sao Paulo proudly represents nearly every industry of Brazil making it the busiest most influential city within Brazil. Throughout Brazil there is evidently a wide gap between the rich and poor. Much of the arable land is controlled by a handful of wealthy families, a situation which the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) seeks to redress by demanding land redistribution. Social conditions can be harsh in the big cities of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, where a third of the population lives in slums.